Shaping Global Citizens: Exploring the IB Primary Years Programme (PYP)

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The International Baccalaureate (IB) is known for its rigorous academic standards and its emphasis on developing well-rounded, globally-minded individuals. IB encourages students for inquiry-based learning – asking questions and seeking answers through investigation & research. It integrates international-mindedness and global awareness in the learning process. Further, its focus is on the intellectual, personal, emotional and social growth of the student. 

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Below is a glimpse of the PYP program offered by the IB Board. 

Audience – 

The PYP program is for students between 3 to 12 years of age. The curriculum of the PYP program includes

  • Who we are – Inquiry into the nature of self, beliefs, values, personal, physical, mental, social & spiritual health. 
  • Where we are in place & time – Inquiry into orientation in place & time, personal histories, homes and journeys. Additionally, inquiry into the interconnectedness of individuals and civilizations. 
  • How we express ourselves – Inquiry into ways we discover and express ideas, feelings, nature, culture and values. 
  • How does the world work – Inquiry into the natural world and its laws. Additionally, inquiry into interaction between the natural world and human societies. 
  • How do we organize ourselves - Inquiry into the interconnectedness of man-made systems and communities, the structure and function of organizations.
  • Sharing the planet – Inquiry into rights and responsibilities in the struggle to share finite resources with others. 

Key components – 

  • Concepts – Form, Function, Causation, Change, Connection, Perspective, Responsibility, Reflection
  • Skills – Thinking, Social, Communication, Self-management, Research
  • Attitudes – International-mindedness & personal development. This includes respect, tolerance, integrity, independence, empathy and curiosity. 
  • Focus on meaningful action

Grades or Classes – 

  • Early years (3 to 5 years) – Pre-kindergarten (Pre-K), Kindergarten 1 (K1), Kindergarten 2 (K2) – Focus on play-based learning, foundational literacy, numeracy skills, social interactions
  • Primary years (6 to 12 years) – Grades 1 through 6 – Reading, Writing, Mathematics, Science, Social studies, Interdisciplinary themes, Real world applications

Assessments – 

  • Formative – Ongoing assessments that provide feedback to improve and inform teaching & learning
  • Summative – Assessments that evaluate student learning at the end of the instructional period. 
  • Student portfolios – Collection of student work that demonstrates learning progress, skills and achievements over time.
  • Exhibition – A culminating project for students in the final year of PYP. 

IB PYP offers a rigorous curriculum and assessments. While it prepares global citizens, it expects good student habits to ensure steady progress through the program


The International Baccalaureate (IB) Primary Years Programme (PYP) stands out for its comprehensive approach to education, fostering not only academic excellence but also personal, social, and emotional development. The PYP equips young students with the skills and attitudes necessary to navigate an interconnected world by emphasizing inquiry-based learning and global awareness. With a curriculum that encourages exploration of self, society, and the natural world, alongside a robust assessment system, the PYP cultivates lifelong learners who are prepared to take meaningful action in their communities. For parents and educators seeking to nurture well-rounded, globally-minded individuals, the IB PYP offers an unparalleled educational foundation.